Yemen Humanitarian Update - Issue 5 / May 2022 - Yemen - bdsthanhhoavn.com

Yemen Humanitarian Update – Issue 5 / May 2022 – Yemen

Attachments

HIGHLIGHTS

Humanitarian space relatively improves following Truce but needs remain enormous P 01

Truce brings a reduction in civilian casualties and displacement; ERW toll remains high P 02

Displacement shatters lives P 04

US$33 million pledged to address the FSO Safer threat; more funding still urgently needed P 05

HUMANITARIAN SPACE RELATIVELY IMPROVES FOLLOWING TRUCE BUT NEEDS REMAIN ENORMOUS

Despite a restricted operating environment that continues to be characterized by extensive access challenges and insecurity, humanitarian partners remain active in all of Yemen’s 333 districts. Access constraints continued to impede the ability of humanitarians to reach people in need in a timely and principled manner. These include bureaucratic impediments, especially movement restrictions, slow and bureaucratic approval process for project subagreements, in addition to incidents of interference in aid operations.

Furthermore, the conduct of hostilities had, at times, impeded access to people in need living in areas close to active frontlines. Significantly, requirements for mahrams – male guardians accompanying female aid workers when traveling on missions – have reportedly increased in Ansar Allah-controlled areas, significantly affecting field mission and the implementation of activities.

An increase in insecurity in the Government of Yemen (GoY)-controlled areas has led to several temporary suspensions of the delivery of assistance. The information available so far indicates that the UN-brokered Truce, which commenced on 2 April 2022 for two months and was later extended for additional two months until 2 August 2022, has allowed aid organizations to access some of the areas previously cut off or identified as hard-to-reach. In some locations, noticeable decreases in bureaucratic impediments and access constraints related to armed conflict and insecurity have been reported.

In general, incidents of restrictions imposed on the movement of aid workers and humanitarian supplies within Yemen decreased by two-thirds in April, the month the Truce went into effect. It is unclear to what extent this can be attributed to the Truce because movements tend to be less frequent during Ramadan and the Eid holiday. Available preliminary information suggests that these restrictions saw further substantial reductions in May in some areas. Incidents of restrictions on the movement of humanitarian personnel and supplies into Yemen have been steadily declining since the beginning of the year, with 28 incidents recorded in April, compared with 61 in January. Significantly, no incidents were reported in May.

Incidents of interference in the implementation of humanitarian activities decreased by about 50 per cent in April, compared with the first quarter of 2022, and were not reported in May. Available data also points to a significant decrease in the incidents of hostilities impacting aid operations, with only one incident reported in April and May.
However, and notwithstanding the improvements observed in the two months following the Truce, aid organizations have faced increasing incidents of violence against personnel and assets in areas under GoY control, including carjackings.

By the end of April 2022, 25 carjacking incidents were reported, compared with 14 incidents reported in 2021. Most of these incidents took place in Lahj and Ta’iz governorates, with six and three incidents recorded in each, respectively. In addition, aid workers have been subjected to one kidnapping attempt and two other incidents of intimidation in Abyan Governorate in May alone. All three incidents involved unknown armed men expressing objections to the mixing of male and female aid workers and demanding that aid organizations leave the area. As a result, aid organizations have halted their missions to Abyan Governorate and limited movements to Lahj and Ta’iz governorates as precautionary measures. affecting the delivery of assistance and services to people in need.

To address these challenges, OCHA has worked with humanitarian partners and coordinated with GoY authorities at the central and governorate levels. It also met the West Coast Organizational Affairs Office (WCOAO) to address access and coordination challenges in areas along Yemen’s Red Sea Coast. OCHA has urged the authorities to scale up security measures and reinforce engagement with tribal and local religious leaders to address the increase in carjackings and other incidents of intimidation and violence again aid organizations and their personnel.

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA’s activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.

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